Periodontitis is an inflammation of the tissues surrounding the teeth caused by bacteria. There are various approaches to treating a case of periodontitis; the basic initial therapy should always be the same however.
This disease is characterized by lengthening teeth, recession of the gums, or even loose teeth. The bacterial infection is usually accompanied by bleeding gums and bad breath and can be easily treated if diagnosed early enough. Often other factors need to be considered, such as genetics, habits (such as smoking), cardiovascular disease, arthritis, and the microbiome of the mouth.
The disease becomes a vicious cycle: bacteria become attached and the body fights against them by causing inflammation in the gums.
When an inflammation lasts for a long time, bone mass becomes atrophied. This allows the bacteria to burrow even deeper, and the body reacts by becoming even more inflamed. This vicious cycle can lead to teeth shifting their position, loosening, and ultimately needing to be pulled.
Patients often remain unaware of the condition for a long time. Only very few complain of bad breath, gums bleeding and teeth loosening. Through regular prophylaxis and dental checkups, periodontal disease and periodontitis can be caught early and the more severe effects can be prevented.
Treatment consists of removing the bacterial plaque and smoothing the surface of the roots deep in the periodontal pockets. In severe cases of periodontitis, we also perform a bacterial analysis of the oral microbiome and prescribe specific antibiotics. If you recognize you have some of the problems described above or have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact us.
We will gladly advise you.
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