Craniomandibular Dysfunction (CMD)

It is common for people to release stress through their teeth - resulting in grinding, mostly at night but sometimes also during the day. Over time, this continuing burden on the chewing mechanism will lead to tension and added stress on the musculature, and therefore often to the formation of further symptoms such as headache or tinnitus.

Not every patient who grinds their teeth is classified as a CMD patient (craniomandibular dysfunction). The increasing stress level of the population as a whole has lead to a proportional increase of patients who grind and clench their teeth. In most cases, the problem can be successfully treated with physiotherapy, massages, relaxation techniques, and a mouthguard. It is only when further symptoms occur such as a bite misalignment, chronic facial pain, undefined symptoms in the head or neck area, or painful jaw clicking, that further measures must be taken.


In this case, further measures would mean a comprehensive analysis of the jaw misalignment and dysfunction of the masticatory muscles. One must also analyze uneven stresses applied to the teeth and asymmetries in the movement of muscle groups when the jaw moves to the left or right. Various factors must be considered, such as stress, psychological factors, physiology, orthopedics, and the orthodontic treatment history of the patient.

A comprehensive diagnosis and therapy of CMD often only succeeds using an interdisciplinary approach. For treatment to be successful, patience and endurance are required of the patient. You can only treat the symptoms properly if you understand the exact causes. If you recognize some of the problems described above or have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact us - we will gladly advise you.

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